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Going to a Cleveland Clinic location? Learn what What is gabapentine effects to watch for, drugs to avoid while taking gabapentin, how to take gabapentin and other important questions and answers. Gabapentin is available in both branded and generic forms. Appointments Gabapentin is a prescription medication known as a gamma aminobutyric acid GABA analogue. GABA reduces the excitability of nerve cells neurons in the brain, which play a role in seizures and the transmission of pain als. Gabapentin mirrors the effects of GABA calming excited neurons. Gabapentin is available as both a brand name product and a generic product chemically the same, usually lower cost than the brand name product.
The branded gabapentin enacarbil product Horizant is approved for restless legs syndrome and PHN. Serious breathing problems can happen if you take gabapentin with drugs that cause severe sleepiness or decreased awareness. Some examples include narcotic opioids, anti-anxiety medicines, antidepressants, and antihistamines. Watch for increased sleepiness or decreased breathing when you start taking gabapentin or when the dose is increased.
What is gabapentine help right away if you develop breathing problems. Avoid drinking alcohol while taking gabapentin. Drinking alcohol with gabapentin could increase sleepiness or dizziness. Never stop taking gabapentin without talking to your healthcare provider first.
Stopping gabapentin suddenly can cause serious problems, including increasing your risk of seizures if you are taking gabapentin to control seizures or not improving your symptoms if taking gabapentin for other indications.
Also, never change your dose without talking to your provider first. Always take gabapentin exactly as prescribed. Read the full prescription information leaflet that comes with your medication. Never hesitate to ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any questions about gabapentin.
Inform your providers of all medications you take, including prescription and over-the-counter, as well as supplements, vitamins and herbal products. For this reason, talk to your healthcare provider as soon as you know you are pregnant. You and your healthcare provider will determine if you should take gabapentin during your pregnancy or change to a different medication. Yes, gabapentin does pass into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed, talk with your healthcare provider about breastfeeding or medication options.
Gabapentin is not a narcotic. It's not classified as a controlled substance in most states. Gabapentin is not an opioid.
A small of studies have reported misuse and abuse of gabapentin. Gabapentin withdrawal symptoms have been reported since the drug was approved. However, the individuals in these reports experienced symptoms after discontinuing higher-than-recommended doses of gabapentin and for uses for which the drug was not approved.
Overdoses on gabapentin have been reported. Individuals experienced double vision, slurred speech, drowsiness, diarrhea and sluggishness. If you forget to take a dose of gabapentin, take it as soon as you remember. Never take more than one dose in an attempt to catch up.
If you have any concerns or questions, be sure to call your healthcare provider or pharmacist right away. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Gabapentin Gabapentin is approved to prevent and control partial seizures, relieve postherpetic neuralgia after shingles and moderate-to-severe restless legs syndrome. Gabapentin is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. What are the brand names of gabapentin? What is gabapentin approved for?
Gabapentin is used to: Prevent and control partial seizures.
Gabapentin can be used in adults and children age 3 and older who have partial seizures. Relieve nerve pain following shingles in adults. Shingles is a painful rash that develops many years after you've had chickenpox. The virus that causes chickenpox stays dormant in a portion of your spinal nerve root called the dorsal root ganglion.
For whatever reason, this otherwise dormant virus gets reactivated — usually by stress — causing a shingles rash. Nerve pain following a case of shingles is called postherpetic neuralgia PHN. Treat moderate-too-severe primary restless legs What is gabapentine.
Frequently Asked Questions What dosage strengths and forms does gabapentin come in? Gabapentin is available as: Gabapentin tablets. Gabapentin oral solution. The oral solution contains millgrams of gabapentin per 5 milliliter 50 mg per mL Neurontin or generic gabapentin. Gabapentin capsules. Gabapentin enacarbil, and milligram extended-release tablets Horizant. How should I take gabapentin? Take Gralise tablets with your evening meal. Swallow tablets whole with a full glass of water.
Don't chew, break or crush. Take Horizant tablets with food.
Take other forms of gabapentin with or without food. Neurontin and generic forms of Neurontin tablets may be broken into two pieces. You can take the second half for your next dose. Don't use the half-tablet beyond 28 days after the whole tablet was cut or broken. Carefully measure the liquid formulation of gabapentin using the measuring device that comes with the drug. If you did not receive a measuring device, please ask What is gabapentine pharmacist for a medication-measuring device. Take gabapentin exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
What are the serious side effects of gabapentin? If you have any of these symptoms, call your healthcare provider right away: s of an allergic reaction: If you have a skin rash, hives, itching or swollen, blistered or peeling skin with or without fever contact your healthcare provider. You should also contact your provider if you have trouble breathing or swallowing, wheezing or swelling of your face, lips, throat, eyes, mouth or tongue Changes in mood or behavior: Call your provider for any suicidal thoughts or thoughts about dying, suicide attempts, new or worsening depression, anxiety, irritability or feelings of agitation or restlessness.
You should also call your provider for trouble sleeping, panic attacks, feelings of aggression or anger, impulsive behavior, extreme increase in activity or talking and other changes in mood or behavior, confusion, inability to focus or memory problems as these can be side effects of your medication. s of liver abnormalities: Yellowing of your skin or whites of your eyes, dark urine, light-colored stools, vomiting, unusual bleeding What is gabapentine bruising.
s of kidney abnormalities: Trouble urinating, a change in how much urine is passed, blood in your urine, or weight gain and swelling of legs and feet from retaining fluid. Other concerning abnormalities: Change in color of your skin to a bluish color on your lips, nail beds, fingers, or toes along with severe fatigue or weakness and unexpected muscle pain.
What are the more common side effects of gabapentin? Common side effects of gabapentin include: Feeling tired. Nausea and vomiting. Difficulty speaking. Recurring infections. Memory loss. Weight gain. Movement problems: coordination problems, being unsteady, tremors, jerky movements. Eye problems: unusual eye movements, double vision. Talk to your healthcare provider if any side effects do not go away. Are there any serious interactions with gabapentin and other medications?
Seek immediate medical attention if these symptoms develop: Confusion. Unusual dizziness or lightheadedness. Slowed, shallow or trouble breathing. Bluish-colored or tinted skin, especially on lips, fingers or toes.
What other medications and products can interact with gabapentin? Products that interact with gabapentin include: Alcohol. Antihistamine-containing cold, cough and allergy products. Certain medicines for anxiety or sleep. Certain medicines for depression, such as amitriptyline, fluoxetine and sertraline. Certain medicines for seizures, such as phenobarbital and primidone. Certain medicines for stomach problems.
Wait two hours after taking aluminum and magnesium-containing antacids before taking gabapentin. General anesthetics, local anesthetics, or muscle relaxants given before surgery. Narcotic pain medicines. Can I drink alcohol while What is gabapentine gabapentin? What else do I need to know about gabapentin? What should I tell my healthcare provider before starting gabapentin?
Tell your healthcare provider if you: Have lung or breathing problems. Have diabetes. Have kidney problems or are on dialysis. Have or had mood problems, depression, suicidal thoughts or behavior. Have a history of drug abuse or alcohol abuse problems. Are pregnant, trying to become pregnant or are breastfeeding. Does gabapentin pass into breast milk? Is gabapentin a narcotic or controlled substance?
Is gabapentin addictive? Does gabapentin cause withdrawal symptoms? What should I do if I miss a dose of gabapentin? Show More.What is gabapentine
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