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Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid analgesic derived from thebaine in Germany in Oxycodone is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. Label There is also an extended release formulation indicated for chronic moderate to severe pain requiring continuous opioid analgesics for an extended period. Oxycodone acts directly on a of tissues not related to its analgesic effect. These tissues include the respiratory centre in the brain stem, the cough centre in the medulla, muscles of the pupils, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, endocrine system, and immune system.
Label Oxycodone's effect on the respiratory centre is dose dependant respiratory depression. Label The action on the cough centre is suppression of the cough reflex. Label Pupils become miopic or decrease in size, peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract slows, and muscle tone in the colon may increase causing constipation. Label In the cardiovascular system histamine may be released leading to pruritis, red eyes, flushing, sweating, and decreased blood pressure.
Label Endocrine effects may include increased prolactin, decreased cortisol, and decreased testosterone. Label It is not yet known if the effects of opioids on the immune system are clinically ificant. The full mechanism of oxycodone is not known. Label Under conditions of inflammation or hyperalgesia, opioid receptors in the heart, lungs, liver, gastrointestinal tract, and reproductive system are upregulated and transported to nerve terminals.
Label Oxycodone is primarily bound to serum albumin and to a lesser degree alpha1-acid glycoprotein. Oxycodone's hepatic metabolism is extensive and completed by 4 main reactions. Label Noroxycodone can also be 6-keto-reduced to alpha or beta noroxycodol. Oxycodone can also be 6-keto-reduced to alpha and beta oxycodol. The active metabolites noroxycodone, oxymorphone, and noroxymorphone can all be conjugated before elimination.
Oxycodone and its metabolites are eliminated in the urine. Label Free and conjugated oxycodone makes up 8. The apparent elimination half life of oxycodone is 3. Label Noroxycodone has a half life of 5. Total plasma clearance is 1. Patients experiencing an overdose may present with respiratory depression, sleepiness, stupor, coma, skeletal muscle flaccidity, cold sweat, constricted pupils, bradycardia, hypotension, partial or complete airway obstruction, atypical snoring, and death.
Label K 36 pill should be treated by maintaining airway, ventilation, and oxygenation. Label Oxygen and vasopressor treatment may be necessary to treat circulatory shock and pulmonary edema and defibrillation may be required for cardiac arrest of arrhythmia. Label Naloxonenalmefeneor naltrexone may be used to counteract the effects of opioids but patients should be monitored in case further doses are required. MSDS The oral lowest dose causing toxic effects in humans is 0. Oxycodone is pregnancy category B according to the FDA. Label There is a paucity of data regarding oxycodone use in pregnancy, though animal studies show no teratogenic effects.
Label Rats given oxycodone during lactation showed smaller offspring, though after lactation, they recovered to normal size. Label Oxycodone is excreted in breast milk and so patients should not breastfeed while taking oxycodone due to risk of sedation and respiratory depression in infants.
No studies on the carcinogenicity of oxycodone have been performed. Label Oxycodone was not found to be genotoxic in other tests. Patent US, issued March, Interactions Drug Interactions Food Interactions. Clinical Trials. Spectra Mass Spec Spectra. Targets 3. Enzymes 3. Carriers 2. Identification Summary Oxycodone is an K 36 pill used in the management of moderate to severe pain.
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Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events. Learn more. This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist. Drug Interaction Integrate drug-drug interactions in your software.
Identify potential medication risks. Easily compare up to 40 drugs with our drug interaction checker. Get severity rating, description, and management advice. Our datasets provide approved product information including: dosage, form, labeller, route of administration, and marketing period.
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P F Laboratories Inc. Palmetto Pharmaceuticals Inc. PD-Rx Pharmaceuticals Inc. Physicians Total Care Inc. Ther-Rx Corp. Victory Pharma Vindex Pharmaceuticals Inc. Vintage Pharmaceuticals Inc. Vistapharm Inc. DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only. Use our structured and evidence-based datasets to unlock new insights and accelerate drug research. General Function Voltage-gated calcium channel activity Specific Function Receptor for endogenous opioids such as beta-endorphin and endomorphin. Receptor for natural and synthetic opioids including morphine, heroin, DAMGO, fentanyl, etorphine, buprenorphin and methadone Clin Transl Oncol.
Curr Med Res Opin. Br J Anaesth. Epub May General Function Opioid receptor activity Specific Function G-protein coupled opioid receptor that functions as receptor for endogenous alpha-neoendorphins and dynorphins, but has low affinity for beta-endorphins.
Also functions as receptor for various synt Epub Apr General Function Opioid receptor activity Specific Function G-protein coupled receptor that functions as receptor for endogenous enkephalins and for a subset of other opioids. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers aling via guanine n Nucleic Acids Res. General Function Steroid hydroxylase activity Specific Function Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes.
It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic Drug Metab Dispos. Forensic Sci Rev. PLoS One. Epub Mar General Function Vitamin d3 hydroxylase activity Specific Function Cytochromes P are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases.
It performs a variety of oxidation react It oxidizes a variety of structurally un J Clin Pharmacol. Epub Jan 5. Its main function is the regulation of the colloid Ther Drug Monit.K 36 pill
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